Ajala Christianah Oluwamayowa, Oladokun Benjamen Niran, Olawuyi Lawrence Olayinka and Jimoh Kazeem Adeyinka

Environmental Impacts of Road Construction

1*Ajala Christianah Oluwamayowa, 1Oladokun Benjamen Niran, 2Olawuyi Lawrence Olayinka and 3Jimoh Kazeem Adeyinka

1* Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, LAUTECH, Ogbomosho, Oyo State, Nigeria

1 Chemistry Department, University of Abuja, FCT, Abuja.Nigeria

2 Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, LAUTECH, Ogbomosho, Oyo State,Nigeria

3 Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, LAUTECH, Ogbomoso, Oyo State,Nigeria

Corresponding Author: christianaholuwamayowa@gmail.com


A R T I C L E  I N F O

Article Type: Short communication

Received: 09, July. 2019.

Accepted: 01, Aug. 2019.

Published: 01, Sep. 2019.




Road construction is a phenomenon that is associated with diverse processes and activities.  Various urban and rural settlements have experienced road constructions due to some benefits that were attached to it such as development, aid communication, boosting of socio-economic and aesthetic among others. However, little or no consideration is given to the environmental impacts of it, despite the fact many road projects embarked upon in Nigeria have environmental impact assessment, yet it seems so impressive on paper without adequate measures. Various authors have come with several impacts of road constructions on the environment but the paper gives more insight on the environmental impacts of federal rural road construction from Itawo-Okin village. The road project cut across four villages (Itawo, Jakilegbo, Akatapa and Okin). The study revealed both positive and negative impacts of this road project on the residents while it disclosed the direct and indirect impacts of it on the environment. Likewise, way forward was suggested based on the identified problems in the study areas.



Rural area, Road construction, Environment and Impacts


Abdulkareem, Y.A. (2014): The Roles and Impacts of transportation in Nigerian society. An internet assessed online on 18th October, 2014 @ https://www.unilorin.edu.ng/publications/abdulkareemya/the-roles-and-impacts-of-transportation-in-nigerian-society.pdf

Adeboyejo, A.T (2004): Rural development planning (unpublished lecture note for UPR 307: Rural Development Planning)

Akinbode, A. (2002): Legal and Regulatory Reforms. In Matt F.A.I., Festus Akintola; Sustainable Environmental Management in Nigeria; second ed., Ibadan; Oluben Printers.

Audain, K. (2014): The Adverse Impacts of Road Construction on the Environment. An internet accessed online on 20th October, 2014 in LIVESTRONG eHow Health website © 1999-2014, Demand Media, Inc.

Environmental Protection Agency (2008): “How nitrogen oxides affect the way we live and breathe”Archived from the original on 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2008-12-10. In Wikipedia, (2014): Road and environmental impacts on roads. An internet accessed online on 19th October, 2014 @http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/environmental_impacts_road

Forman, R.T. and Alexander, L.E. (1998). “Roads and their major ecological effects”. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 207–31. doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.29.1.207.

Gale Group, (2010): Rural Settlement definition of Rural Settlement in the Free Online   Encyclopedia.htm. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd edition (1970-1979) © 2010 The Gale group, Inc. An internet accessed online @<a href=”http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Rural+settelement”>Rural Settlement

Microsoft Encarta (2009): ‘Road’ written by Urbanik, Thomas and Redmond, W.A.  in Microsoft® Encarta® 2009 [DVD].

Obabori & Bryant TL., (2009): Statutory planning in Victoria Federation Press, Annandale.

Ogbazi, J.U. (1995): Rural Development and Planning: Concepts and Definitions. In Introduction to Rural Development Planning textbook. Edited by Chike Mba and Ogbazi (1995); Section one: Concepts and definitions; Chapter 1, page 2-7. Published by Computer Edge, Dopemu Enugu. ISBN: 978-33526-5-2.

Okoko (2006): “Urban Transportation Planning and Modeling Published by Millennium Publishers, ISBN. 978-37465-5-3, Nigeria.

Olokesusi, F. (2000) social analysis of environmental impact assessment  process in Nigeria petroleum industry . NISER, monograph series Ibadan and regional, oyo state pp. 85-110.

Philip Clarke, G., White, P.C.L. and Harris, S. (1998): “Effects of roads on badger Meles meles populations in south-west England”. Biological Conservation (Elsevier Ltd.) 86 (2): 117–124. doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(98)00018-4.

Primack, R.B. (2004): A Primer of Conservation Biology (3rd ed). Massachusetts, U.S.A.: Sinauer Associates, Inc. pp. 84–89. ISBN 0-87893-728-5.

Shyllon, Folarin (1989b): Present and Future Institutional Framework for Environmental management in Nigeria. In Shyllon, Folarin (ed.); The Law and the Environment in Nigeria, Ibadan; Vantage, Pp. 90-96

Thompson, S., J.R. Treweek, N. Veicth, D.J. Thurling (1997), The ecological component of environmental impact assessment: a critical review of British environmental statements.    Journal of environmental Planning and Management 40(2), pp. 157-171.

United Nations (1992), Report of the United Nations conference on environment and Regulations. Federal Register, vol. 43, no. 230, Nov. 29, 1978. Washington D.C.: U.S.

Westlake, D., (2014):Types of Rural Settlement. An internet accessed online @   http://www.ehow.com/list_6542168_types-rural-settlement.html

Wikipedia, (2014): Road and environmental impacts on roads. An internet accessed online on 19th October, 2014 @ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/road; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/environmental_impacts_road;