David Gomez, Agnes Agbanugo Ikwuba, and Lamin K M Fatty



       1David Gomez, 2Agnes Agbanugo Ikwuba (PhD), and 2Lamin K M Fatty (PhD)


1Department of Agriculture, 2Department of Sociology, Benue State University, Benue State, Makurdi, Nigeria and 2University of The Gambia, School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Faraba Campus, P.O. Box 3530, Banjul, The Gambia, and


A R T I C L E  I N F O

Article Type: Research Article

Received: 28, Oct. 2019.

Accepted: 13, Nov. 2019.

Published: 14, Nov. 2019.




This study focused on the nature of the rice value chain programme in the Central River Region of The Gambia. The instruments used for data collection was Focus Group Discussion and in-depth interview. Simple random sampling was used to select sixteen (16) villages out of which three hundred and eighty-four (384) farmers were used for the study. The data collected were transcribed for all the focus group comments; the comments were rearranged to have answers grouped for each interview protocol. The main ideas were organized into themes to generate an idea or ideas and quotations were identified for each theme. The findings were written in a narrative to describe the themes with quotations. Regarding the quantitative analysis, simple descriptive statistics including frequency and percentages were used for the surveyed data collected from the rice farmers and key informants. However, challenges ranging from inadequate machinery, fertilizer, seeds and market structures were some of the problems reported. From these findings it is recommended that Non-Governmental Organizations and investors should supplement government efforts by providing sufficient and quality inputs (seed/fertilizer/machinery) and credit facilities to the rice farmers at a subsidized rate and on time and strengthen the linkages between farmer groups/cooperatives with buyers (Producer-Buyer linkage) for easy market access.


nature, rice, value chain, Central River Region and the Gambia,


Adeyeye, J., Navesero, E., Ariyo, O., & Adeyeye, S. (2010). Consumer preference for rice consumption in Nigeria. Journal of Humanities, Social Science and Creative Arts, 5(1), 28-38.

Bakker, R., Bell, M., & Rickman, J. (2002). Mechanization issues in tillage and crop establishment fordry direct-seeded rice. Direct Seeding: Research Strategies and Opportunities, 219.

Bentley, J. W., Ajayi, O., & Adelugba, K. (2011). Nigeria: Clustered seed. African seed enterprises, 38-64.

Ceesay, M. M. (2004). Management of rice production systems to increase productivity in the Gambia, West Africa: Cornell University.

Chandler, A. D. (1992). Organizational capabilities and the economic history of the industrial enterprise. Journal of economic perspectives, 6(3), 79-100.

Center, A. R. (2008). Africa Rice Trends 2007. Cotonou, Benin: Africa Rice Center (WARDA). 84 pp. The fifth edition of the Africa Rice Trends was edited by, 5.

Fan, S., Omilola, B., & Lambert, M. (2009). Public spending for agriculture in Africa: Trends and composition. Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System, 5.

FAO. (2004a). The State of Food and Agriculture 2003-04, Agricultural biotechnology: meeting the needs of the poor? from

Fao, I. (2013). WFP, The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2013—The Multiple Dimensions of Food Security. FAO, Rome.

FAO, U. (2014). FAOstat. Retrieved Feb, 2014.

FaoStat, F. (2013). FAOSTAT. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. Accessed March 2018.

FAOSTAT, F. (2016). Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics Division. Economic and Social Development Department, Rome, Italy. http://faostat3. fao. org/home/E. Accessed, 12 March 2018.Fitchett, D. (1999). Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (baac). Thailand Eschborn, CGAP Working Group on Savings Mobilization.

Gazetteer., W. (2008). “Gambia: Verwaltungsgliederung (Bevölkerung und Fläche)”. . Retrieved 2008-08-18. › 2013

IRRI. (2015). World Rice Statistics Online Query Facility. . from International Rice Research   Institute

Jones, J., & Sheats, D.B (2016). Consumer trends in grain consumption. Reference modoule in food science

Krishnasreni, S., & Kiatwat, T. (1998). The Thai combine: a case study of equipment development in Thailand. Increasing the Impact of Engineering in Agricultural and Rural Development, (30), 65.

Kupkanchanakul, T. (1998). Khao Dawk Mali 105 yield improvement through agronomic practices. Warasan Wichakan Kaset.

Lamin S. S. (2016), Rice Production in The Gambia: Role and Needs of Women Rice Farmers in the CRR.

Liese, B., Isvilanonda, S., Nguyen, K., Nguyen, L., Pananurak, P., & Zimmer, Y. (2014). Economics of Southeast Asian rice production. Agri Benchmark: Braunschweig, Germany) Available at http://www. agribenchmark. org/fileadmin/Dateiablage/B-Cash-Crop/Reports/Report-2014-1-rice-FAO. pdf [Verified 26 September 2016].

Makasiri, C., Bumrungthai, N., Santaweesuk, K. and Pahuyut, D.  . (2011). A review of rice market structure in Thailand. The Thailand Research Fund. 246

Muthayya, S., Sugimoto, J. D., Montgomery, S., & Maberly, G. F. (2014). An overview of global rice production, supply, trade, and consumption. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1324(1), 7-14.

Njie, M. (2007). The gambia national adaptation programme of action (NAPA) on climate change. Government of The Gambia, Banjul.

OECD-FAO, O.-F. (2008). Agricultural Outlook 2008-2017: OECD-FAO.

Pervez, A.K.M.K., Uddin, E., Shah, A., Prodhan, F., & Sheikh, M. (2019) Fuzzy-Likert scale based assessment of marketing risk faced by the hybrid rice growers of Bangladesh, Economics of Agriculture  (Ekonomika poljoprivrede), 66(1), 9-22

Phillip, D., Abubakar, B. Y., & Magaji, M. D. (2016). Status of Agricultural Innovations, Innovation Platforms, and Innovations Investment. 2015 PARI project country report: Republic of Nigeria.

Phongpaichit, P., & Baker, C. (2005). Thaksin dismantles the opposition. Far Eastern Economic Review, 168(3), 25-41.

Pingali, P. (2007). Westernization of Asian diets and the transformation of food systems: Implications for research and policy. Food policy, 32(3), 281-298.

Seemanon, K., Sanguanwongse, V., Titapiwatanakun, B., Sirisupluxana, P., Kikuchi, P., and Yamao, M. (2015). Preparing agricultural product marketing for the new AEC market: A case study for improving the Marketing Organization for Farmers in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 7(4), 105-113.

Smith, N. N. (2016). TAFTA: a Thai perspective.

The Coalition for African Rice Development (CARD), B., the Gambia (2014). National Rice Development Strategy (NRDS), Draft,

Titapiwatanakun, B. (2012). The Rice situation in thailand. Technical Assistance Consultant’s Report, TA-REG, 74595.

Thepent, V., & Chamsing, A. (2009). Agricultural mechanization development in Thailand. The Fifth Session of the Technical Committee of APCAEM, Los Banos, Philippines, October, 14-16. UNIDO. from

USDA, F. (2014). Oilseeds: world markets and trade. Available at:(accessed 10 December 2014).
















This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.