Uditi Paul Bristi1, Mahmudul Hasan1, Swagato Dutta1, Noimul Hasan Siddiquee1, Sultana Rajia, S. M. Lutfor Rahman Remon1, Susen Chandra Sharma1, Nikkon Sarker1


Uditi Paul Bristi1, Mahmudul Hasan1, Swagato Dutta1, Noimul Hasan Siddiquee1, Sultana Rajia, S. M. Lutfor Rahman Remon1, Susen Chandra Sharma1, Nikkon Sarker1*

1 Department of Microbiology, Noakhali Science and Technology University

Corresponding Author:

Nikkon Sarker


Department of Microbiology

Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

Mobile: +8801761422867


A R T I C L E  I N F O

Article Type: Research

Received: 15, Apr. 2024.

Accepted: 28, Apr. 2024.

Published: 8, May. 2024.



Campylobacter infections, antibiotic resistance, epidemiology of outbreaks, transmission, prevention and treatment.


Campylobacter has recently emerged as a significant contributor to bacterial foodborne and waterborne diarrheal infections, posing significant public health threats globally, including in both low-income countries and developed nations such as Europe and the USA. This pathogen is a primary cause of gastrointestinal infections, significantly elevating the burden of Campylobacter-related illnesses worldwide. As a commensal microorganism in the gastrointestinal tracts of numerous wild and livestock animals, as well as avian species, Campylobacter typically spreads via the fecal-oral route through the consumption of contaminated food and water, leading to zoonotic infections. The prevalence of Campylobacter infections, primarily attributed to C. jejuni and C. coli, has seen a notable increase, alongside the emergence of new Campylobacter species documented globally. Beyond gastrointestinal inflammation, it is associated with extra-intestinal disorders such as septicemia, meningitis, reactive arthritis, and Guillain-Barré Syndrome. In Southeast Asian countries, Campylobacter infections are commonly linked with traveler’s diarrhea. Moreover, the rising antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter species poses a significant public health challenge, compromising the efficacy of treatment measures. Our study aims to provide a comprehensive overview of Campylobacter infections, with a specific focus on Asian countries in the Southeast region, which necessitates effective remedial strategies and ensuring food safety. This review addresses Campylobacter pathogenic species, isolation and diagnosis, reservoirs, transmission pathways, epidemiology of outbreaks, prevention and treatment options, antibiotic resistance, and the control of antibiotic usage. This study will facilitate further research into Campylobacter infections globally and support preventive initiatives, including health surveillance, rapid diagnostic services, identification of causative agents, vaccination of reservoir animals, and maintenance of proper food hygiene practices.


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